parachute was developed to a dependable life-saving device during the
last year of WWI. But when speeds of aircraft increased, a parachute
jump became a hazardous thing to do.
Swedish aircraft engineers were more or less forced to develop an
ejection seat when the SAAB J 21 was designed. This aircraft, as can be
seen, had a pushing propeller and consequently the engine
mounted aft of the cockpit. A parachute jump with the propeller rotating
would be impossible to survive.
SAAB 21 was equipped with the first of a number of ejection seat designed and built by SAAB. The last Swedish-built fighter, JAS 39 Gripen, has its seat(s) bought from Martin Baker of the UK.
|© 2002 Lars Henriksson, Ljungskile, Sweden||Updated: 2010-07-24 :|