Bréguet 14 A2 (Reconnaissance Aircraft 1919-1922)

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Louis Bréguet – one of the most important French aviation pioneers – started the design work of his aircraft number XIV in 1916. In November the same year the prototype made its maiden flight with Bréguet himself as pilot.

“XIV” was a rather large and well-equipped two-seat aircraft. Almost the whole fuselage was constructed of the recently invented light metal duralumin, covered with canvas. Also parts of the wing structure were made of this strong but light material. The landing gear was of rugged design to withstand hard landings. It could be fitted with wheel, skis or floats.

Bréguet 14 was manufactured in different versions. The most common were designated A2 and B2. In the French classification system of this time, the first letter indicated the use of the aircraft. A stood for reconnaissance, B for bomber, C for fighter etc. The digit following the letter indicated the number of crew. The Bréguet 14 which for some time belonged to the Swedish Army Aviation Company was of the type A2 - a two seat reconnaissance aeroplane.

The serial production of A2 and B2 started in 1917. During the time to the end of World War One, about 5 500 aircraft were ordered. When the production of Bréguet 14 ceased in 1926, more than 8 000 aircraft had been built. The aircraft became a commercial success – it was used in 24 different countries.

In June 1919 a Bréguet 14 A2 belonging to the French Armée de l'Air made an emergency landing near Enköping in Sweden. It was piloted by the Danish-born aviator Lieutnant Paulli Krause-Jensen, who joined the French Air Force in 1914. He was making a long distrance flight Paris-Stockholm-Paris and got trouble with the engine – a 12-cylinder Renault of 300 hp - on the way home. He left the aircraft in the field and went to Stockholm to get help. Meanwhile some of the local population stole a lot of the copper piping that belonged to the fuel system. The pipes were perfect to use in illicit distilling apparatus. Eventually Krause-Jensen returned, the fuel system was repaired passably and a new engine was installed. The aircraft was flown to the air base Malmen near Linköping. France donated the aircraft to the Swedish government and it was added to the Swedish Army Aviation Company. It got the registration number 9100.
The aircraft never carried any armament.

The Bréguet was never very useful. The fuselage had several extra fuel tanks and the fuel system was complicated. The system was never fully restored and the engine never worked in a reliable way. Therefore, the aeroplane was dismantled and stored.

Photo at top: Bréguet 14 A2 as aircraft 9100 of the Swedish Army Aviation Company flies over the Malmen military camp.

14 A.2: Length: 8,86 m. Span: 14,40 m.  Height 3,5 m. Maximum take-off weight: 1900kg. Max. speed: 165 km/h.

Next page: The story of Nils Söderberg and the Bréguet 14.



For the Model Builder

AZ model, Czech, has made several plastic model kits of Bréguet 14. To the right you see two of them, suitable to use for a model of the Swedish 14 A2 in scale 1:72. Kit AZ7204 (top) has the markings of an aircraft in French service. It includes etched parts made by Eduard. Kit 7233 has decals for two different Finnsh markings. It can be fitted with ski or wheel landing gear. It includes some parts of resin. Click on the thumbnails to get larger images.

AZ model plastic model kit of Breguet 14 A2 in French service

AZ model plastic model kit of Breguet 14 A2 in Finnish service


Military Aviation in Sweden - main page

© Lars Henriksson

Updated 2009-12-01

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