|P 5 - Handley Page HP 53 Hampden/Suecia (1938-1947)|
|Page 1(of 3)|
HP 52 Hampden was further developed. The most important was the change
of engines to more powerful types. The first version had engines of 710
hp, which later was changed to 1000 hp.
these efforts, the Hampden was relegated to second-line duties in 1942.
It finished its career as a minelayer and a trainer aircraft for two
One modified Handley Page Hampden, designated by the manufacturer as HP 53 Suecia, found its way to the Swedish Air Force. The purpose of the purchase was to evaluate the type against the German Junkers Ju 86 bomber. The contract of the HP 53 was signed in May, 1935, but the aircraft was not delivered until September, 1938. A second HP 53 was also purchased, but this contract was later cancelled.
Swedish variant got the Air Force designation P 5 (P = Provflyplan, ”Trial aircraft”). It was powered by two
9-cylinder radial Bristol Pegasus XXIV engines, each delivering 1010 hp.
The purchase of the Hampden was a part of the political game.
The Air Administration had already decided to choose the Junkers Ju 86
as the standard medium bomber, but this was at first resisted by the
government, which hesitated to buy military equipment of
German origin at that time. But when it was clear that a German
Luftwaffe was founded, against the peace conditions of WWI, the
government yielded. The Ju 86 (B 3) was chosen as the standard bomber
and an agreement of licence production in Sweden was secured.
single P 5 saw some use
during the WWII. It was transferred to the Reconnaissance Wing F 11 at
Nyköping. When the war was over in 1945, it was sold to SAAB and got
the civil registration SE-APD (photo). SAAB used the aircraft for testing radar
equipment and other avionics.
its time in the RSw/AF the P 5
carried the registration number 810. The aircraft never carried any
16,25 m. Span: 21,12 m. MTOW:
8500 kg. Maximum speed: 305 km/h.
This text is to be read at the bottom of the front page of the HP
Bulletin. It is rewritten here, as it is originally printed in small
A Hampden aircraft left Heston Airport a few days ago on a direct flight to Malmslatt near Stockholm, piloted by the well-known Swedish Test Pilot O.F. Enderlein. The machine with a full load of petrol on board, and after an exceptional short take-of run, reached Sweden without a hitch and well within the predicted time. We extend our congratulations to Wing Commander Enderlein and members of his crew, Captain Westring and Eng. Lieut. Bengtsson, on this flight, which so successfully demonstrated the flying qualities of the Hampden fighter bomber.
© Lars Henriksson