|TP 85 - Sud Aviation SE-210 Caravelle III (1972-1999)|
|Page 1 (of 2)|
the Caravelle first flew in 1955, it was a pioneer aircraft from several
points of view. It was the first short-/medium range jet airliner of the
world. It was the first jet airliner of France. It was also the first
airliner of the world with its engines mounted on pods on the sides aft.
design work of the SE-210 Caravelle started in May 1952. The letters
”SE” stands for ”Sud-Est-Aviation”. Two prototypes were built.
The first one flew in May 1955.
- Scandinavian Airlines System - a joint venture between Sweden, Denmark
and Norway was the first customer outside France to order the Caravelle.
The year was 1957. SAS used their fleet of 21
Caravelles until 1974, when
they were replaced by the more fuel-efficient DC-9.
of the SAS Caravelles were sold to the Air Force in 1971, where they got
the designation TP 85. The two aircraft was SE-DAG ”Dag Viking”, which got the
Air Force number 85172 and SE-DAI ”Alrik Viking”, Air Force number
85210. The three last digits in the Air Force number was the same as the
construction number of the aircraft.
the beginning of their service, the Air Force Caravelles were used
mostly for transports. But after two years both of them were used for
their main mission - ELINT (ELectronic INTelligence). The two aircraft
were modified for their new service. The nose was replaced by a nose
like the SAAB Lansen. A big radome was installed under the fuselage and
the aircraft was fitted with a lot of antennas.
TP 85 was powered by two Rolls Royce Avon RA29 engines, each of 5.000 kp
thrust. The Swedish designation of the engine was RM
crew from the Air Force consisted of two pilots and one flight engineer.
The ELINT crew from FRA (the Radio Establishment of the Defence) had a
lot of space in the large cabin. An ELINT mission used to be of four
thirsty TP 85s were replaced by two Tp 102B Gulfstream. The Gulfstream
has the disadvantage of being much smaller, but can reach a considerable
two military Swedish Caravelles are both preserved and are owned by
Flygvapenmuseum. 85172 is placed at the Air Force base at Malmen (photo
85210 are on loan to ”Le Caravelle Club”, which hopes to make the
aircraft airworthy again.
Bottom – an older photo of # 85210 from the days when the Caravelles were based at Wing F 8 at Barkarby, a fact that also can be seen by the “8” on the fuselage. Note braking parachute, a must on an icy runway.
Length (with Lansen nose): 32,65 m. Span: 34,30 m. Height: 8,72 m. MTOW: 46.000 kg. Max.speed: 850 km/h.
© Lars Henriksson