T 2 - Heinkel He 115 (1939-1952)

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The T 1 was not a success, but had at least given the experience that a new torpedo aircraft had to be twin engined. The choice for the successor to the T 1 fell on another Heinkel design, the He 115. Twelve aircraft of the variant Heinkel He 115 A-2 were ordered in the summer of 1938. The dozen Heinkels were delivered to Wing F 2 at Hägernäs near Stockholm from April to October 1939. The Swedish designation was T 2. They got the Air Force numbers 101-112. Further six aircraft were ordered, but were never delivered due to the outbreak of WWII. 

About 400 He 115 were manufactured between 1937 and 1944. All, except six aircraft for Norway and the twelve for Sweden, were built for the German Luftwaffe. He 115 was a big aircraft with weak defensive armament. It was an easy prey for the Allied fighter aircraft and suffered from heavy losses. 

The variant for the Swedish Air Force, He 115 A-2 was equipped with two BMW 132 K engines, each delivering 850 hp. This engine was a German licence manufactured Pratt & Whitney Hornet. The armament consisted of two moveable 8 mm machine guns and one torpedo m/38 or m/41. As an alternative to the torpedo, two 250 kg bombs could be carried. The crew consisted of three; pilot, observer and radio operator/gunner. 

The trials were very successful. The He 115 showed itself to be a sturdy aircraft that behaved well both in the air and on water. They made an invaluable contribution to the neutrality guard during the WWII. Except for torpedo launchings missions, the aircraft also were intended to be used as a bomber, smoke screening and long distance reconnaissance missions. Unfortunately, five of the twelve aircraft were lost behind repair in crashes. 

On the 9th of April 1940, Germany occupied both Denmark and the most important parts of Norway in a lightning attack -  operation Weserübung. In connection to this, Germany dictated a number of terms to Sweden, terms which were impossible for the Swedish government to agree with. The Germans demanded, for instance, that Sweden did not mobilize further troops. Germany demanded also Sweden to let three railway trains each of 30-40 wagons loaded with war material to be transferred trough Sweden to Narvik.

The Swedish refusal resulted in a crisis in the relationship between Sweden and Germany. As a war situation seemed possible, the T 2s left their permanent base at Hägernäs. They were relocated to Gålö, a war base in the archipelago south of Stockholm. The work to enlarge the Gålö base started immediately. Until more workshops and living quarters were built ashore, the navy ships Dristigheten and Rane was use as floating accommodation.  

As alternative bases, Märsgarn (south of Gålö, see chart at page 5), Gryt and Loftahammar were also used during the years of preparedness.  The story of the Lucerna war base, see page 6.

Other war bases were also used. The widespread archipelago provided many suitable places for operations and good camouflage of the aircraft and equipment.  

The aircraft were based off F 2 at Hägernäs until the WWII was over. 

Photo at top of a model built by Mikael Carlson, displayed at Flygvapenmuseum. All other photos from the collection of Lars E. Lundin, Västervik.

Click here for a detailed list of all T 2s!

Span 22,275 m. Length 17,30 m. MTOW 9,450 kg.

For the Model Builder

Matchbox had a plastic model kit of He 115 in scale 1:72. It included decals for two German and one Finnish versions. It would be a excellent model of a T 2 with Swedish decals.  Click on thumbnail for larger image.

Matchbox plastic model kit of a Swedish T 2 (Heinkel He 115)
Swedish Air Force torpedo bomber T 2 Heinkel He 115
The aircraft commander/observer of No. 106 looks out for orders
Swedish Air Force torpedo bomber T 2 Heinkel He 115
No. 106 before take-off

Military Aviation in Sweden - main page

© Lars Henriksson

Updated 2010-07-24